Microsoft Charges $50 To Upgrade From Windows 10 S To Windows 10 Professional Edition

With the released of the Windows 10 S, Microsoft revealed that if you don’t like this free edition, you can easily upgrade to the full version, the Windows 10 Professional for $50.

Windows 10 S is a perfect optimized operating system for the education market. Besides, Microsoft also confirmed they would ship this Windows 10 version on their Surface laptop.

By using this edition, you only can download, install and use apps from the Windows Store. You can’t visit some specific websites and download your favorite apps.

All we know that Windows operating system is a nearly open operating system. That said, you can do anything you want with this operating system. However, it appears the Windows 10 S version isn’t for users who love open things.

Preventing users from downloading and installing apps from outside Windows Store is also a good thing to keep users’ computers safe. The reason is that all apps that submitted to Windows Store will be checked and reviewed to make sure they are safe. With this move, it appears Microsoft forces application maker to make another version for Windows Store.

However, if you don’t like to use this optimized Windows 10 version with many restrictions like that, you can easily upgrade to Windows 10 Professional edition with $50. In case you purchase a Surface laptop, you will be able to upgrade from Windows 10 S to Windows 10 Pro for free within the first year.

What Is Microsoft Windows 10 S And Why Should We Care About It?

Along with all other editions of Windows 10, Microsoft has recently released a new version, called Windows 10 S. So what is this version and when it will be used?

Well! Microsoft released Windows 10 S for low hardware specification notebooks and laptops. It appears that they are trying to make a lightweight version of Windows 10 to beat ChromeOS. The Windows 10 S version will be pre-loaded on those mentioned notebooks and laptops to reduce the retail price.

When users purchase a new laptop or notebook, the price is included the price of Windows 10 license. By releasing Windows 10 S and pre-loaded in those laptops and notebooks, the retail prices will cut down a bit.

Also Read: What Is Windows Safe Mode And When We Need To Use It?

Furthermore, with this modified and optimized Windows 10 version, those laptops and notebooks will run faster with the current hardware. By default, the hardware of those computers isn’t high to save the cost and mark down the price tag. That said, if you try to run the full version of Windows 10 on those PCs, it might run slowly. Fortunately, Microsoft has released this lightweight version of Windows 10 and optimized it for low hardware specifications.

The only downside of Microsoft’s Windows 10 S is that they don’t allow you to install apps from third-party websites. Instead, you need to search for apps on Microsoft’s Windows Store and install to your PCs.

Furthermore, you will not be able to change default web browser, as well as default search engine on those computers. This means the default web browser will be Microsoft’s Edge and the default search engine is You can also use other browsers and search engines, but can’t set them as default. Instead, you will need to open and use them manually.

Read More: Microsoft releases Windows 10 Cloud version, a competitor of Chrome OS.

Microsoft’s Windows 10 S is an excellent edition and fits for computers that have a low hardware profile. However, if you want to use it, you will need to sacrifice some features that are available in the full version of Windows 10, such as installing apps from outside Windows Store or set the default browser. Obviously, this is a necessary sacrifice when we need to cut down the retail price tag.

What do you think about this new Windows 10 edition? Will you download and use it?

Netgear Wireless Routers Have More Vulnerabilities, Should You Purchase?

Have you heard about the previous vulnerability in some models of Netgear wireless routers which discovered in December 2016? The story is that this security hole was found by a security researcher. He has notified to Netgear but there was no official response to him, even a thank you message from the company.

After that, he published this information along with the security hole publicly. Netgear only confirms the issue after CERT warns users about these wireless routers and marked them as NOT SECURE to use. The affected models are including R8000, R7000 and the R6400 wireless router. In order to fix this issue, Netgear has released a patch, which allows us to download and update the firmware of the routers.

Today, NextPowerUp has released a news that talks about two new security holes in NetGear wireless routers. Based on that information, there were 31 models of routers were affected. However, the company has released the build and patch to fix some of them. There were 19 models have received the patch. The rest models are still in dangerous and need to be fixed as soon as possible.

Netgear wireless router

Netgear wireless routers get more security hole. Image credit:

According to the information, if you want to protect your wireless router from others, turn off remote management. By that, the security hole will temporarily be fixed. However, it’s not a permanent solution. Otherwise, if you need to or have to use remote management, you are in risk because someone with the right tool and a way to attack you, they will be able to retrieve your administrator password of your wireless router.

So, if your router hasn’t fixed yet, you can turn off this feature to protect yourself and your home network from hackers. Otherwise, getting a new best wireless router would be a good choice in case you already think about replace your old router.

Is it a good time to replace your Netgear wireless router with another one from a different brand?

Microsoft releases Windows 10 Cloud version, a competitor of Chrome OS

In the newest build that Microsoft has recently released for Insider Preview users, there was a notable information. According to that information, it seems that Microsoft will bring to us a new version of Windows 10, alongside the Windows 10 for desktop and Windows 10 Mobile. By that, the new and rumored version of Windows 10 will be called the Cloud. The full name of it would be Microsoft’s Windows 10 Cloud.

At this moment, we don’t know what does the CLOUD word mean. However, this could be compact version of Windows 10, where everything will be stored in the cloud storage and run from there, like Chrome OS. If this is a correct information, then Google’s Chrome OS will have a new competitor, unlike before.

You might haven’t heard about Chrome OS before. However, it’s a very popular compact operating system that comes pre-loaded in Chromebook notebooks. According to the statistic, the number of Chromebook that was sold is greater than the number of Apple’s Mac was sold.

Going further, we found three strange names within the new build of Windows 10, there are:

  • Windows 10 RTM Cloud OEM
  • Windows 10 RTM Cloud Retail
  • Windows 10 RTM CloudN

At this moment, we don’t have any further details on these upcoming versions of Windows 10. However, it seems Microsoft will give us more details on this case soon enough.

Stay turned for more updates.


What Is SPDY Protocol In Google Chrome?

Have you ever heard about SPDY protocol before? In case you don’t know, it’s a networking protocol, which was developed by Google to transport contents of websites. This protocol is helping to reduce page load and improve the web security in Google Chrome.

Through the compression, the SPDY protocol will help us to lessen the size of web pages to load faster, as well as improve the security of it, especially in e-commerce stores.

At the earlier of 2015, Google announced they would not support SPDY protocol anymore in Google Chrome. The reason is that the HTTP/2 standard is better, faster and more secure than the SPDY protocol. That’s also the reason why Google want to withdraw and replace it with HTTP/2 protocol.

According to Google and Mozilla, Google has removed SPDY support in the Chrome version 51. Mozilla also removed this protocol in the Firefox version 50. The only disadvantage of the SPDY protocol is that sometimes, it causes a few annoying errors, such as Err_SPDY_Protocol_Error error. It’s one of the several annoying errors in Google Chrome that is related to the SPDY protocol.

We wouldn’t deny that this protocol from Google was helping us to speed up website load times for a while before the HTTP/2 standard release. However, with the disadvantage of it, most of the internet browsers, including Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Microsoft Edge or Opera are abandoned it already. Instead, they moved to use HTTP/2 as the replacement solution, which is faster and of course, more secure than the SPDY protocol.

For further information regarding the SPDY protocol, such as the goals, history, versions, and which programs support it, visit the’s web page here to read it.

Actually, most of the browsers don’t abandon the SPDY protocol yet. They are just upgraded to the new version. The current version of SPDY is 4.0 alpha3. It is more closely aligned with HTTP/2 standard and has a new stream flow control with the HTTP/2 draft.

In order to learn more about SPDY, its features and how does it actually work, read this article. You can also find the SPDY frequently asked questions there, with answers.

Why Linux On The Desktop Is Toast?

Linux succeeding as a desktop operating system as been discussed forever. I’m a Linux software developer by trade, use Linux as my desktop at work and home, but I see the future for it on the desktop to be quite bleak. I discuss the major reasons why below.

Before we discuss this issue, we need to determine what a Linux desktop operating system is. Linux distributions such as Redhat, Suse, and Ubuntu are clearly Linux desktop OSes. However, what about Chrome OS? Google’s upcoming operating system utilizes the Linux kernel, however it has a much different user interface than the typical Gnome or KDE environment that comes with most Linux distributions. Although it is not out yet, it also appears that they will not be offering common Linux utilities such as Gimp and OpenOffice, favoring their own web based applications instead.

For the purposes of this discussion, I am doing to define a Linux desktop OS as an operating system that meet two criteria. One, changes and modifications to the components, both user space and kernel space, are actively shared amongst all the Linux desktop distributions. Two, it is actively advertised and described as Linux. In my opinion, a “Linux desktop” refers to a common set of open source components and the philosophy of open source sharing, and thus is advertised that way. While Chrome OS utilizes the Linux kernel and open-source, and contributes back, my feeling is that Google is doing their own thing. They are intending to make Chrome OS its own identity, that isn’t identifiable with other Linux distributions. For that reason, I’m not going to consider Chrome OS as a Linux desktop operating system. Another way to think about it, how many times have you heard Android referred to as a “Linux OS”? Or how many times have you heard that Apple products run a “Mach kernel OS”?

I will ignore the question of what market share Linux must obtain to call it a success on the desktop, since opinions will vary greatly. At the minimum, all Linux advocates would agree more market share is required for it to be a success.

Linux Can No Longer Compete on Price

At the time of this writing, the cheapest Windows netbook that Dell sells is $300. Dell’s equivalent Linux Ubuntu netbook is listed at $300 dollars. The cheapest desktop offered by both Dell and HP is $300 dollars. For desktops, I have yet to find an online retailer with a comparable Linux desktop for atleast the same price. While this data is limited, I hope these numbers illustrate a simple point. The advantage that Linux once had on price has evaporated. This has happened for a variety of reasons, including more competitive pricing, but one of the major advantages Linux had is now gone.

I recall an article I once read on disruptive technologies. In it, Henry Blodget states, “Disruptive technologies take advantage of a new manufacturing/business process or technology to provide a cheaper, more convenient, simpler solution that meets the needs of the low end of the market. Low-end users don’t need all the features in the Incumbent’s product, so they rapidly adopt the simpler solution.”

Linux on the desktop was expected to be this disruptive technology. The old saying was, “If a grandma needs a computer just to check e-mail from her grandkids, there’s no reason for her to pay more money for a PC.” Well, grandma no longer needs to pay more money, so why would a person unfamiliar with Linux now buy it? Grandma has no incentive to switch.

Granted, when you add other applications such as MS Office, a PC will be more expensive. At the time of this writing, a home version of MS Office is listed for $150 dollars, and can be found for $100 on Amazon. It’s a far cry from the $300-$400 dollars it once cost. The key point is the price gap is significantly shrunk.

Linux Must Compete On Features

The flip side of the previous point is that Linux must now compete on features and functionality to succeed, price is a much smaller competitive advantage for Linux. Microsoft and Apple are aggressively developing better experiences on their operating systems and making better applications that run on it. It does not appear Linux has the resources to compete. Google, perhaps Linux’s biggest supporter from a huge tech company, is the one company that could perhaps push that forward. However, as I mentioned earlier, it appears Google has limited interest in supporting a user interface or Linux applications outside of their cloud.

There are Too Many Linux Distributions

While open source is one of Linux’s greatest attributes, it’s also one of it’s greatest flaws. With so many different distributions of Linux, it ultimately makes it more difficult and costly for software developers to develop software for all flavors of Linux. In addition, individual customers may modifying their Linux distributions for their own internal needs, which simply leads to more portability problems.

This may be the smallest issue of all the ones I’ve mentioned in this list. If one of the distributions can become the clear winner over the other on Linux desktops, this problem could dissipate.

Third Party Applications

Ultimately, for the Linux desktop to succeed, major third party applications must be ported over to it. Classically, people discuss video games as the major limiting “killer app” that must exist on Linux. However, other major software from Adobe and Oracle must also be ported. This single handedly will prevent many customers from switching to Linux. There are multiple issues why this exists, such as the fragmentation problem discussed above. However, I believe the issue at its core is just a chicken and the egg problem. Developers will be unwilling to port to Linux as long as it has such a small market share. However, in order to get people to switch to Linux, more developers need to support Linux.

OS Consolidation

The question is, how many desktop operating systems can the market have? Historically, the answer is not a lot. The need for interoperation of systems will ultimately limit the number of operating systems that can exist. Software developers want to have their software work for as many people as they can, while consumers want familiarity. With Google entering the desktop OS war, I am reluctant to believe that Redhat, Suse, or Ubuntu are going to be able to make inroads in an even tougher environment. I doubt they will become the next BeOS or OS/2, but Google’s entry into the market won’t help.


This article does not make the point that Linux is dead on the desktop forever. It’s only for the relatively foreseeable future. However, the above points illustrate that Linux has a lot to overcome to become a success, and nothing over the past few years has made it easier or cheaper to accomplish.

Is A Laptop Computer Better Than A Desktop?

Every time I get to the point where I need a new computer, or even think about buying one I always come to this one major fork in the road. Should I buy a desktop computer or a laptop computer? For many people it may not seem like a very big question to ask but for someone with the kind of lifestyle that I have it is actually quite important. For example I travel a lot, here in Panama you are only given visas for three months at a time and when your time is up you must leave the country for a minimum of two days before returning to Panama. That means that if I own a desktop computer which I use every day, I must leave it behind for the amount of time that I am traveling.

So when it comes to travel a laptop of course is much more convenient to have. However I have found that desktop computers are generally more stable machines; and for a gamer like myself they also tend to run games much better. However as I mentioned you can’t just haul them across the border whenever you like. Laptops are also very nice for a writer like myself. It allows you to write anywhere you go, and it allows you to get away from the desk and go outside and write. Staring at a computer screen all day every day in the same room can be rather stifling. So to have a laptop to take outside and write out a few articles in the fresh air is great.

Now what is definitely something very important to mention about desktops, which puts them on top for many people is upgrading. A laptop computer is more complex and difficult to build than a desktop. It is also much harder to upgrade a laptop computer than it is a desktop. Now this is probably more relevant to gamers who know how quickly technology changes. You can buy the best computer on the market and within a month there will be a better one out there and new games that the computer you have can’t even handle. Basically it is just nice to know that even though your computer will be out of date soon that you can buy new parts and have a whole new computer for a much lesser price.

Which brings us to the final point. The price of laptop computers are much higher than that of desktops. This of course being a major factor for many people. You can buy a very nice desktop computer for less than a thousand dollars. A laptop computer of the same caliber however will often times be at least a couple hundred dollars more. I recently went computer shopping and often found laptops that easily cost $500 more than a desktop and were still not as fast and with less hard drive space.

So when it comes to my opinion, I think that a potential buyer should generally stick with a desktop. Unless of course they travel often in which case a laptop is necessary. Everyone has their own opinion on this matter. Some may defend their laptops with passion and others their desktops. To finish I will say that if one has the finances and and the need, they can just buy both and have the best of the two worlds! To those of us who don’t have those kinds of finances, choose wisely. Look at your lifestyle and see what would be the best for you. Then go and purchase the perfect computer for you and enjoy it!